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Trade in Endangered Species
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Gandhi: the greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.

The term wildlife crime describes criminal activities that involve wild species. Crimes against wildlife include the illegal trade in endangered species, crimes involving native species which are endangered or of conservation concern, and cruelty to and the persecution of wildlife species.
Many species have become endangered as a result of illegal hunting and trade. The numbers of some of these species have declined significantly even after they were classified as endangered. In 1970, there were 65,000 black rhinoceros, compared to just over 2,000 today.

Wildlife crime is an international problem and as such, laws and treaties exist and are enforced at all levels of government. Most nations also enforce international laws.

To learn more about wildlife crimes and the organizations and agencies that fight them, choose a topic from the In Focus menu to the right.